- Frequently Asked Questions
- FAQs : Why WhiskyInvestDirect?
- FAQs : Safety
- FAQs : Storage
- FAQs : Operational
- FAQs : About Us
- FAQs : Governance
- FAQs : Robots
- How to do it
- Fund my account
- View our tariff
- Buy whisky
- Pre-order whisky
- Validate my account
- Submit a document
- Sell my whisky
- Withdraw funds
- Use the order panel
- Monitor my orders
- Cancelling my order
- Modify account settings
- Modify my limit price
- See my trading history
- Prove my money is safe
- Cask lists and client bank statement
- Understand my statement
- In case of death
- Close my account
- Contact WhiskyInvestDirect
- Make a complaint
- Whitelist our emails
- Become a referrer
- Who is WhiskyInvestDirect's regulator?
- How do I complain?
- Is there a compensation fund to compensate me in the event of loss?
- Does WhiskyInvestDirect report my whisky trading activity?
Who is WhiskyInvestDirect's regulator?
WhiskyInvestDirect is regulated under English Law, and has been approved by HMRC as an owner of excise goods stored in the distillers’ warehouses.
Regulatory responsibility rests on three mutually independent arms of law enforcement: (i) the investigating authority, (ii) the prosecuting authority and (iii) the Criminal Courts.
- The investigating authority is the London Metropolitan Police Force. It is independently funded out of civil taxation and its role is to investigate reports of crimes and to produce a report for the prosecuting authority. Theft and Fraud fall under its areas of responsibility.
- The prosecuting authority is the UK Crown Prosecution Service. It is independently funded out of civil taxation and its role is to prosecute breaches of statute law where evidence gathered by the investigating authority produces a reasonable prospect of conviction.
- The Criminal Court system hears the cases of the prosecuting authority, establishes guilt or innocence through the jury system, and empowers judges to punish. It too is independently funded out of civil taxation.
Bringing a criminal case is not something you would have to do yourself. You would report - for example - a theft, and the investigation and prosecution is the duty of these civil bodies.
In addition you have recourse to the civil law, which would rule on trade disputes between you and us if, for example, you were to allege that we were acting in breach of our stated Terms and Conditions - which form the basis of the business arrangement between us. Bringing a case under civil law would ordinarily incur costs for you.
You should understand that WhiskyInvestDirect's regulatory status is markedly different from the financial services industry in general.
Modern financial services businesses throughout Europe and America tend to be companies which deal in paper based instruments generally called 'securities', and these are subject to increasing legal sophistication.
As a result of growing complexity too many instances of loss to investors have occurred, where victims have been told that the cause of their loss was regrettable management error, not dishonesty. Yet frequently the managers responsible are insured against personal lapses and many of those responsible for costly error have actually received substantial sums of money on the termination of their employment, while investors have suffered losses.
Meanwhile the effectiveness of straightforward property law has continued to enjoy the full power of the state to identify, prosecute and punish people who steal and defraud.
Because it concerns the absolute ownership of physical whisky, and not paper based contractual rights traded as securities, physical whisky trading is deemed simple enough to fall outside the defined scope of formal financial services regulation. Consequently WhiskyInvestDirect is not regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, but by traditional English property law.
We believe this offers a regulatory environment better understood by our customers than is the formally regulated securities industry. WhiskyInvestDirect customers own their whisky, and not a piece of paper evidencing an entitlement under a trust, or a liability on a corporate balance sheet. The property rights customers enjoy are simpler, better established, and less subject to change than modern securities law.
Sound business practices
Although it is not regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority WhiskyInvestDirect adopts many of the duties which have been applied by FCA to businesses which have responsibilities for other, less tangible, stores of private wealth. These include:-
- the segregation of customer property to be held independent of a company's finances
- the keeping of accurate records and the availability of those records for inspection
- the declaration of a conflict of interest when acting as principal in a transaction
- accountability to written Terms of Business
- adherence to a specified complaints procedure
- maintenance of a compensation fund
WhiskyInvestDirect is a rigorous adopter of these good practices and seeks to maintain an environment where its compliance with these principles is visible and proven.
How do I complain?
Is there a compensation fund to compensate me in the event of loss?
WhiskyInvestDirect maintains a compensation fund out of its commission and contributes at a rate of 10% per commission charged, to a maximum of 10 pence per order. The value of the compensation fund is currently capped at £3m which is a total maintained under review. The independent council for adjudicating on formal complaints has the exclusive power to distribute benefits from this fund.
Does WhiskyInvestDirect report my whisky trading activity?
Currently there is no reporting of your WhiskyInvestDirect business while your whisky is maintained within a bonded warehouse in the normal way. Wherever you live your trading activity and whisky ownership are not reported to any authorities, anywhere in the world.
Nevertheless there are some issues you should understand.
- WhiskyInvestDirect will willingly co-operate with international investigations into money laundering activity where investigation is being undertaken by the authorised agents of respected international governments. Were you under investigation by these authorities it is unlikely that we would inform you.
Money laundering lacks a universal definition, although generally speaking it refers to the legitimization of the proceeds of serious crime. All WhiskyInvestDirect jurisdictions include in this definition crimes generally recognized as repugnant - for example, terrorism, drugs and violence. We assume you will already know if your government is likely to investigate you for money laundering, and if it is your money will not be safe at WhiskyInvestDirect.
For lesser 'crimes' interpretations differ across authorities.
- Although we know of nothing specific it is conceivable that the jurisdictions under which WhiskyInvestDirect operates might change their current reporting requirements. It is likely that such a change would be debated openly before being implemented. Where this occurs, and provided we are not prevented from doing so, we would advise you of any likely change by email and/or through the WhiskyInvestDirect web-site.
- It would - of course - be exceptionally unwise of you to consider WhiskyInvestDirect as a useful mechanism for trying to avoid legitimate taxes. In the jurisdictions in which WhiskyInvestDirect operates taxes are a democratically mandated imposition, and in illegally avoiding them you become an offender liable to conviction and punishment. The powers of all governments relating to tax are very wide ranging.
- WhiskyInvestDirect is obliged to treat as higher risk any account for which the user refuses to validate his/her identity. To maximise your privacy you must quickly validate your account.
Do not place the proceeds of crime in a WhiskyInvestDirect account. Do not attempt to launder them through a WhiskyInvestDirect account (which the linked bank account would render unworkable anyway). WhiskyInvestDirect is committed to keeping crime out of the whisky markets.